Each of the seven white papers below outlines the vision for the outcome, highlights the key outputs and products, describes the research and outreach activities and identifies the key inputs and partners necessary to successfully implement each outcome. Details on each outcome and the champions can be found under the Overview and Outcomes tabs on this site.

These white papers have undergone a community review process in 2023 and the final white papers will be published in March 2024.

Outcome 1: Quality Data

Enable the scientific community to provide ocean acidification data and evidence of known quality via capacity development, mentoring of early career researchers, facilitating data sharing, growing regional collaborations, and increased communication through meetings and workshops, allowing for a holistic analysis considering all stakeholder perspectives.

Outcome 2: Science to Action

Identify data and evidence needs for mitigation and adaptation strategies, from local to global, by 2022. Communicate these needs to the scientific and science policy community to ensure that science is prioritized.

Outcome 3: Observing Strategies

Co-design and implement observation strategies in collaboration with data/information producers and end-users by 2025. Identify factors limiting collection of data and implementation of solutions and collaborate with OARS outcome 1 activities to ameliorate and amend the identified issues. Proactively design and implement observation strategies to ensure vulnerable areas are adequately monitored. Provide ocean acidification baseline information for newly developed carbon removal strategies.

Outcome 4: Biological Impacts

Increase understanding of ocean acidification impacts to protect marine life by 2030. Implement biological observation within ocean acidification monitoring, providing the possibility to improve predictions of vulnerability and resilience to ocean acidification at all temporal and spatial scales.

Outcome 5: Future Projections

Provide appropriate data and information necessary to the development of societally relevant predictions and projections, employing new technologies such as digital twins, for all ocean 'users' of the impacts of ocean acidification to implement adaptation and mitigation by 2030.

Outcome 6: Public Awareness

Increase public awareness of ocean acidification, its sources, and impacts, achieved via ocean literacy and public outreach.

Outcome 7: Policy Engagement

Develop strategies and solutions to enable countries and regions to include measures to reduce ocean acidification in their respective policy and legislation.