Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda and a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), including a goal dedicated to the ocean, SDG 14, which calls to "conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO was identified as the custodian agency for the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.3.1 Indicator, which calls for the "Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations". This indicator is associated to the SDG Target 14.3 ("Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels").
SDG 14.3.1 Indicator
The SDG 14.3.1 Indicator Methodology development, coordinated by IOC-UNESCO, was supported by GOA-ON and other experts in the field of ocean acidification, provides the necessary guidance on how to conduct ocean acidification observations, what to measure and how, including standard operating procedures and methods approved by the ocean acidification community. It further offers support on what kinds of metadata and data to collect, and how to submit, towards the SDG 14.3.1 Indicator to IOC-UNESCO to enable the collection and comparison of ocean acidification data worldwide. The associated data and metadata files enable the collection and submission of the relevant data and allow for data quality assurance.
SDG 14.3.1 Data Portal
To facilitate the submission, collection, storage and sharing of ocean acidification data, IOC has developed an online data platform based on the SDG 14.3.1 Indicator Methodology and the associated data and metadata files, in cooperation with the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE). The SDG 14.3.1 Data Portal allows for the uploading of the completed data and metadata files, with some additional information, and is available to everyone.
The full text of the SDG 14.3.1 Indicator Methodology, the data template, the metadata template and the metadata instructions file can all be found and downloaded here: